The world of safe sex can be confusing. Knowing your options for preventing pregnancy is a great first step in taking control of your body. Let’s go over a few popular forms of birth control:
Ole reliable. Condoms are one of the most commonly used forms of birth control. Unlike other birth control methods, such as the pill or IUD, condoms are doubly beneficial in that they help protect both parties from some sexually transmitted infections. Furthermore, condoms are one of the most cost-effective forms of birth control. Regardless of brand or quantity, condoms usually cost around one dollar each. Condoms are most commonly made of latex, but there are other options available for those with latex allergies. If condoms are used correctly each time, they are 98% effective in preventing pregnancy. According to Planned Parenthood, when taking into account the actual habits of condom users, the true effectiveness of condoms drops to 85%.
- The pill
One great thing about the pill is that aside from pregnancy prevention, it also offers other health benefits. Birth control pills, along with other forms of hormone-based contraception, can reduce cramps and shorten and lighten periods overall. According to Planned Parenthood, depending on whether you have insurance, a one-month prescription of birth control can cost anywhere from zero to fifty dollars, making this option of contraception slightly more expensive than condoms. As far as effectiveness goes, Planned Parenthood states that when used perfectly, the pill is 99% effective in preventing pregnancy, but when used in a way that is typical of most users, the pill’s effectiveness drops to 91%.
IUD is an acronym for intrauterine device, which is another commonly used contraceptive method. Like birth control pills, an IUD can be a hormonal form of contraception. However, there are also nonhormonal types of IUDs. An IUD is a small T-shaped plastic device that is inserted into the uterus. Once there, the IUD slowly releases hormones that prevent the body from becoming pregnant. Depending on the type of IUD and your insurance policy, getting an IUD can cost anywhere from zero to thirteen-hundred dollars. Unlike contraceptive pills, however, an IUD (depending on the type) remains in the body and works without interference for anywhere from three to seven years. According to Planned Parenthood, an IUD is more than 99% effective—that’s even more effective than the pill when used perfectly!
For more information about birth control and contraceptive options, visit the Campus Health Center to speak with a health care professional.